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  • AICPA

    AICPA standards for the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) who created the Service Organizational Controls standard. It is the largest organization of accountants in the United States. 

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  • Auditor

    An auditor is an accounting firm hired by a company to assess whether it meets a compliance standard such as SOC 2 or ISO 27001. Compliance standards require companies to implement a long list of security controls.

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  • CCPA

    The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) declares that companies must inform consumers about how their data is being used and empowers consumers to decide how or if their data is shared. 

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  • Compliance risk management

    Compliance risk management is an organization’s process for regularly identifying, analyzing, and mitigating risks. In the context of SOC 2 and ISO 27001, risk management refers to security and compliance risk management, meaning you’ll want to understand risks to sector and geography specific regulation and compliance standards.

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  • Compliance software

    Compliance software is a software tool an organization can use to scan and monitor its vendors, systems, and controls to ensure they are compliant with certain security standards or regulations. Compliance software can be part of an organization's compliance risk management strategy to continuously track, monitor, and remediate any compliance risks that would jeopardize an organization's ability to stay compliant with relevant security standards and regulations.

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  • Control

    A control is a specific rule or safeguard used to improve a company’s security and compliance. Common types of safeguards include management, physical, legal, operational, and technical controls.

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  • Cybersecurity

    Cybersecurity is the body of technologies, processes, and practices designed to protect data, information, programs, systems, networks, and devices from digital attacks from unauthorized users on the internet. 

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  • GDPR

    In May 2018, the European Union implemented the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) to create one legal framework for collecting and processing personal information from individuals who live inside the European Economic Area. 

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  • HIPAA

    Congress passed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in 1996 in order to create national standards to protect sensitive patient health data.

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  • ISO 27001

    The ISO 27001 is a security and compliance standard created jointly by the International Organization for Standardization and the International Electrotechnical Commission.

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  • PCI DSS

    Payment card industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a set of security standards intended to ensure that all companies that process, store, or transmit credit card information maintain a secure environment.

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  • Pen Test

    A penetration test (or “pen test”) is a simulated attack on an organization’s system and services, often conducted by a white hat or ethical hacker. The SOC 2 and ISO 27001 audits both require a penetration test. 

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  • Policy

    A policy is a governing document describing what an organization does to ensure security and compliance. It outlines responsibilities and general procedures meant to implement and maintain specific security and compliance controls.

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  • SOC 1

    The Service Organization Control 1 Report (SOC 1) is an auditor report assessing controls for financial reporting. The SOC 1 targets companies providing services that could affect clients’ financial statements or internal controls over financial reporting. 

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  • SOC 2

    The Service Organization Control 2 Report (SOC 2) is an auditor report assessing controls for security and compliance. Any company offering a B2B service, along with any B2C company handling sensitive information, should think about getting a SOC 2 report completed. 

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  • SOC 3

    The Service Organizational Control 3 Report (SOC 3) is a more concise and high level version of the SOC 2 meant to be released publicly as marketing material.

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  • SSAE 16

    The Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements No. 16 (SSAE 16) is a set of standards developed specifically for certified public accountants (CPAs) to evaluate an organization’s internal controls and how service companies report on these controls.

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  • SSAE 18

    The Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements No. 18 (SSAE 18) is a new set of standards that have replaced SSAE 16 to help increase the usefulness and quality of a SOC 1 report.

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  • Test

    A test refers to an auditor’s independent review of a security or compliance control. Auditors may assess a control’s design or implementation by requesting a copy of a relevant policy, conducting interviews, asking for related procedures, or even taking a sample of evidence, such as screenshots or tickets.

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  • Trust Services Criteria

    AICPA’s Trust Services Criteria are the framework used by auditors to determine which security and compliance controls they will test for in a company.

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