What is ransomware?

Ransomware is a type of malicious software that encrypts a victim's files or system, rendering them inaccessible, and then demands a ransom payment in exchange for restoring access. 

Ransomware attacks typically begin with the victim clicking on a malicious link or opening a malicious attachment in an email, which then downloads and executes the ransomware on the victim's system. Once the ransomware is running, it will begin to encrypt the victim's files or system, making them inaccessible without a decryption key. The attackers will then demand a ransom payment, often in cryptocurrency, in exchange for providing the decryption key.

Ransomware attacks can be devastating for individuals and organizations, as they can result in the loss of critical data, system downtime, and financial losses. Additionally, paying the ransom does not guarantee that the attackers will provide the decryption key or that the victim's data will be fully restored.

To protect against ransomware attacks, individuals and organizations should implement a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy that includes regular data backups, software patching, anti-malware software, and employee training on how to avoid phishing and other types of social engineering attacks. Additionally, it is important to have a plan in place for responding to a ransomware attack, including contacting law enforcement and engaging with cybersecurity experts to help mitigate the impact of the attack.